Docker Postgres Multiple Database

Docker Postgres/Postgresql Multiple Database

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Docker Postgres/Postgresql Multiple Database

Video Tutorial

In this article, We will explain you how to set up Postgresql following multiple databases using Docker-Compose

  1. root (use can use it for local development)
  2. test (use can use it for testing)

Production Env:

The production database environment. You can use cloud databases such as AWS RDS, Heroku, etc.

Development Env:

A dedicated environment for database for local development.

Test Env:

A dedicated environment for database testing.

Why we need multiple databases?

If you have only a Production Database and you are developing a new feature if something breaks it will affect the whole Production Database.

For best practice, You must have a different Database Development Environment because if you are developing a new feature in a Development Environment if something breaks it will not impact on Production Database Environment.

Let’s Start Creating Multiple Environment Database

Hope you are familiar with “Docker-Compose”

Folder structure

├── docker-compose.yml (File)
├── docker_postgres_init.sql (File)
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Create a new file docker-compose.yml

Above file, we have created a Postgres Docker container with Port No: 5432

As well as set environment variables such as default username, password of Postgres container.

if you check the entire file we have also created volumes that point to the `docker_postgres_init.sql` file.

- ./docker_postgres_init.sql:/docker-entrypoint initdb.d/docker_postgres_init.sql

The script inside “docker_postgres_init.sql” will create multiple databases upon container startup. You can see the following file we have created 2 database and different 2 users for each database.

  1. root (Default root for local development)
  2. test (For Testing)

When you run the following command in the root directory for the project.

docker-compose up

then you will see in the console docker_postgres_init.sql script will be executed as the following screenshot

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that means your script executed successfully.

How to test connection

For testing, we used Pgadmin4 configured already in the docker-compose file.

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Try to run following URL in the browser


and enter username and password as following screenshot.

password: test123!
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after successful login, you will see the following screen.

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Then click on to server -> create -> server

You will see the following pop up then in the General tab


name: root_user

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Then click on Connection tab as the following screenshot then input Hostname

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You can get Hostname by typing following command

$ ifconfig |grep inet
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the type

Database: root

Username: root

Password: root

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then click on to Save Button

then you will see the connection successful on the left side of the Pgadmin 4 navigation as shown below.

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